Front End developers are short in number currently as compared to job openings. The reason for that is the demand, these days the success of any application or website heavily relies on good front end UI and UX. An experienced front end developer with good skills is highly crucial to deliver a quality product.
The job ratio and market demand of Front End developers have increased marginally as the field of front End development is becoming more and vaster. Every six to twelve months a new technology is introduced in the field of front end development which gains enough popularity to become a norm in the coming years.
So, keeping this in mind a front end developer has to constantly keep himself updated with new trends and has to keep adding to his skill set. Thankfully any new skill can easily be obtained nowadays via online courses, tutorials or certifications. There are numerous web developer certifications happening at any given time online.
As with time, the more skills a front end developer has up his sleeves the most likely he is to get better jobs or projects. Although these skills keep changing for front end developers, some skills are necessary throughout the industry. Mostly when getting hired, a front end developer is evaluated based on the following skills.
The most basic markup language is HTML, without HTML there is no concept of web development. It is like the basic building block of any website or web app. Altough most developers initially grasp a good understanding of HTML. But it is important to learn HTML in depth as there are some rare tags (eg; “cite”, “opt group”, “acronym”) that most developers have no idea of.
No front end developer can ever forget their first CSS code, be it as simple as changing the background color. CSS provides front end developer an instant joy, as they can see the results of their work instantly with CSS. Also, CSS has become very powerful with animations and transitions now. Today a front end developer’s first approach to fixing any UI bug is through CSS.
Front End frameworks are a combination of some HTML, some JS, and a lot of CSS. They help you in writing less CSS, as they provide some custom classes that you can use for styling. The most famous and widely used front end framework is bootstrap. It can be seen in many live websites. Having knowledge of bootstrap is very important in Front end development.
Preprocessors like Sass and Less let you write programming logic right inside the CSS files. This helps in conditional styling and defining themes. For example, if you have a color palette that you want to use throughout your all CSS files, you can define color constants in one file only and call them on any other file. Preprocessors have become an organizational standard and must skill.
Obviously when you’re working on a large project with a team then it is essential to have some kind of version control in place. All major changes are released in different versions with time. So, it is essential even for a frontend developer to have the know-how of any version control manager. Preferably most organizations choose git flow over any other.
A front end developer aims to make responsive design, as the number of devices that a web app can be accessed from is large. So, it is important that the app doesn’t break between various browsers and platforms. To achieve this the front end developer needs to be good at making a responsive design that serves all or most devices.
Testing is a crucial part of the development life cycle. In most scenarios, you will find a front event developer writing the tests himself. These tests include UI and functionality tests. After a test fails and output is not what is expected then it is the front end developer’s job to find and fix that bug as well.
There are many extensions available on chrome and Mozilla browser that a developer can make use of. These developer tools help make the development process easy and convenient as you can find most of the required data or help within the browser using these developer tools.
A must skill to have in any field of programming. Problem-solving skill is what sets most developers apart from the ordinary. How quick a developer is able to solve a problem at hand with the best possible approach tells about the quality of that particular developer and his work.
Front end developers are imaginative and creative people. They have a clear picture in their minds regarding their work even before the work has started. They know exactly what they want to implement in the future, and whenever there is any hiccup in the process, creative front end developers come up with solutions or alternatives before anyone else.